Think of lumens as a "new" way of knowing how bright a lamp is. Lumens = Light Output.

In simple terms, Lumens (denoted by lm) are a measure of the total amount of visible light (to the human eye) from a lamp or light source. The higher the lumen rating the “brighter” the lamp will appear.

We have all bought 50W or 60W conventional bulbs or spotlights in the past expecting a certain level of brightness. This incorrectly linked power consumption (Watts) to light output.

More light, less energy (Watts) with LED

With low energy LED lamps, more light output can be achieved with much less power consumption. For example, a 6.5W LED lamp will give a similar light output to a 50W Halogen bulb. That's 87% less energy for the same light output! When using LED more energy is converted to light rather than heat. As technology improves, more lumens will be produced using even less Watts - i.e. more lumens per Watt. So as a result, using Watts as a guide to brightness is no longer relevant.

Lumens - Conventional vs LED lamps

To achieve the same light output of a 60W conventional bulb you will need an LED lamp with around 800 - 850 lumens. All Integral LED lamps have the lumen rating clearly marked on the packaging and on the lamp base . We also provide a conversion guide to the "old wattages" on the pack e.g. 11.5W LED =  60W conventional.

Below is an approximate guide to help you decide the lumen rating for your LED replacement lamp. (Click on the wattage to see the products we have available)

Lumens and Useful Lumens

For non-directional bulbs such as a globe, golfball or candle shape, the total lumen output is calculated for all directions. With a directional bulb such as GU10 spotlight, the light is emitted in many directions, some of this light (spill light) may not be useful but it is counted in the total lumen rating. 

To make comparisons fairer and easier the EU has recently introduced a “useful lumens” rating. This is a measurement of useful light emitted in a standardised 90 degree cone (see image). The “useful lumen” rating is normally lower than the total lumen output but has more relevance to a spotlight bulb where useful light is in a forward focussed direction. 


Old Watts Approx Lumens
25 W  230 - 270 lamp
35 W

250 - 280 spotlight

200-300 Useful Lumens (spotlight)

390 - 410 lamp

40 W 440 - 460 lamp
50 W

330 - 400 spotlight

350-450 Useful Lumens (spotlight)

60 W 800 - 850 lamp
75W 1000-1100 lamp
100W 1500-1600 lamp

How many lumens do I need?

There is no firm answer – it will depend on a number of factors including; room size and shape, height of ceilings, colour scheme, type of lamps & fitting, task areas and needs of the user.

As a basic guide; below are the lumens required per Sq M (10.76 sq ft) for different room settings. In many cases a mixture of general and task lighting will be required.

Area Lumens/Sq M
Kitchen 300-400
Kitchen (Task) 700-800
Living Room 400-500
Hallway 300
Bedroom 300-400
Bedroom (Task) 700-800
Bathroom 500-600
Bathroom (Task) 700-800
Reading Area 400